Ok

En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l'utilisation de cookies. Ces derniers assurent le bon fonctionnement de nos services. En savoir plus.

lundi, 23 décembre 2019

Le sommet musulman de Kuala Lumpur (Malaisie)

kualasummit.jpg

Le sommet musulman de Kuala Lumpur (Malaisie)

par Jean-Paul Baquiast

Ex: http://www.europesolidaire.eu

Ce sommet, du 19 au 21 décembre, a réuni des représentants, non seulement de la Malaisie mais de la Turquie, de l'Iran et du Qatar. Supposé rechercher le rassemblement mondial du monde musulman, il a surtout montré que celui-ci se divise actuellement en deux blocs.
 
Ont participé personnellement au sommet le président iranien Hassan Rohani, l'émir du Qatar cheikh Tamim, le président turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan et bien entendu le premier ministre malaisien Mahathir Mohammad, tous à des titres divers opposés à l'Arabie saoudite. L'absence de celle-ci , bien que prévisible, a été très remarquée. Il faut rappeler que les alliés de l'Arabie saoudite regroupent la plupart des autres pays pays arabes, du Maghreb au Golfe Persique. La plupart d'entre eux, bien qu'invités n'étaient pas présents à Kuala Lumpur

L'Organisation de la Coopération Islamique (OCI), basée dans le port saoudien de Djeddah et généralement considérée comme la voix du monde islamique, a vivement critiqué la tenue de ce sommet. Elle a surtout exprimé en l'espèce la voix de l'Arabie saoudite. Le sommet de Kuala Lumpur a en effet été, que ce soit dans le monde arabe ou dans les pays occidentaux, considéré comme anti-saoudien.

Dans son discours d'ouverture, le premier ministre malaisien Mahathir Mohammad a annoncé que le sommet visait à comprendre pourquoi l'islam et les pays musulmans étaient «en crise, sans espoir et indigne de cette grande religion». Mais d'emblée il est apparu que les pays musulmans resteraient divisés entre ceux de plus en plus proches de la Russie, à commencer par la Turquie et l'Iran, et ceux qui comme l'Arabie saoudite, restent malgré quelques dissensions de bons allées des Etats-Unis.

Cette division marque aussi l'incapacité de l'islam sunnite de s'entendre avec l'islam chiite, non seulement sur le plan religieux, mais dans de domaine géopolitique. La encore, on retrouve le poids de l'Arabie saoudite dont l'influence dans le monde tient à l'importance de ses réserves en pétrole et en gaz, au contraire des autres pays musulmans, à l'exception de l'Iran. Mais l'Iran, soumise aux sanctions américaines, peine à exporter son pétrole dans les pays arabes qui en auraient le plus grand besoin.

Le premier ministre iranien Hassan Rohani a dénoncé «la domination du dollar américain et du système financier américain». Le premier ministre turc Erdogan a confirmé qu'au lieu de commercer avec des devises étrangères, les pays arabes souhaiteraient commercer commercer avec des devises nationales. Ni l'un ni l'autre ne l'ont dit explicitement, mais cela signifierait pour eux s'affranchir de la domination américaine. Ce que l'Arabie saoudite est encore incapable de faire. 

Note

Pour plus de détails, voir un article de Hasan Alhasan dans Asia Times
https://www.asiatimes.com/2019/12/opinion/kuala-lumpur-summit-points-to-split-in-muslim-world/

Voir également MK Bhadrakumar
https://www.asiatimes.com/2019/12/article/kl-summit-shaken-by-imrans-absence-saudi-ire/

 

 

dimanche, 27 juillet 2014

Thank You, Malaysia!

BLACK-BOX-HANDOVER.jpg

Thank You, Malaysia!

Victor SUMSKY

Ex: http://www.strategic-culture.org

 
Early on July 22 the two black boxes from the Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 were handed over by Alexander Boroday, Prime Minister of the Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) to Colonel Mohamed Sakri of Malaysian National Security Council. As the latter stated that both devices were intact, they signed a document to confirm it. The world watched on TV how an official of the state that had suffered most as a result of the MH17 tragedy personally thanked for cooperation «Mr. Boroday» and his people who are called «pro-Russian terrorists» by Kiev and the West. For «terrorists», they behaved, indeed, surprisingly well. The Malaysian experts, as well as the experts of the Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe were given green light to conduct search and inquiry within the area of the plane’s crash. The remains of the passengers and the crew were passed to the Malaysians without any delay. All was done in line with the UN Security Council resolution N 2166 of July 22 which demands a comprehensive and independent investigation of the tragedy according to the principles and rules of the International Civil Aviation Organization. 

This episode is hardly supporting the myth about the «terrorists» who shot down the civilian airliner. No perpetrator would give the world an evidence of his crime with so much care about the good condition of the evidence. On TV, the DPR Prime Minister and the members of his team looked like a group of reasonable people in control of themselves – unlike Ukrainian parliamentarians who literally fight each other in the session hall and can never agree on anything. If the «terrorists» were just doing what Moscow told them to do, then, perhaps, the advice was not so bad. If not, then shall we view the DPR as an independent and responsible actor in international affairs? 

By the way, Malaysia is quite well-known for its hypersensitivity to anything that smacks of terrorism. The Southeast Asia Regional Centre for Counter-Terrorism – SEARCCT is operational there since 2003. If the Malaysian officials are coming into a public contact with those who are already labeled as «terrorists», it means that they, in fact, do not share this assessment. 

To be sure, Colonel Sakri was not acting on his own initiative in Donetsk. Before July 22 came to an end, Reuter’s issued a story by Trinna Leong and Siva Govindasamy, two well-known Malaysian investigative reporters, on the background of the contacts between Malaysia and the DPR. According to them, all preparations for that were conducted in high secrecy and under personal supervision of Najib Razak, Prime Minister of Malaysia. While some of his advisers were suggesting an early and emotional statement on the tragedy, not unlike those coming from Washington, London and Canberra, Najib was developing an alternative course. Working through unnamed intermediaries to reach Alexander Boroday, he had at least one telephone contact with him. Malaysia was basically focused on bringing back the bodies, obtaining the black boxes and assuring that investigators have access to the crash site. Boroday wanted a paper acknowledging that the black boxes were not tampered with, and did not want them in Ukrainian hands. As the later events showed, the interlocutors came to an understanding pretty soon. In parallel the Malaysian leader was talking to the Russian President: according to kremlin.ru they had two phone conversations on July 17-18. 

With two MAS airliners lost over just a few months, passions in Malaysia and the world are running high. Taking this into account, Prime Minister Najib deserves special merit for his restraint and wisdom. But this is more than strictly personal: his posture is a reminder of the foreign policy vector developed by his great predecessor, Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. 

This is not to say that Najib has no beliefs of his own. He is the founder of the Global Movement of Moderates – GMM, propagating dialogues to solve domestic and international disputes, and rejecting all forms of dictate in world affairs.

Najib’s refusal to dance to the Western tune in the particular case of MH17 may have another important reason. There are still too many disturbing questions about the earlier disappearance of MH370. 

At the end of the day, all those fed up with media hypocrisy and lies about the disaster over Donetsk, have a reason to say «Bravo, Mr. Prime Minister! Thank You, Malaysia!»